THE MOSQUE KARAOUYINE
About THE MOSQUE KARAOUYINE
The Karaouyine Mosque, one of the oldest and most illustrious in the Muslim world, it was the first university in the world and was frequented by famous scholars such as Ibn Khaldun, Ibn Al Khatib and Averroes. Always considered as one of the main spiritual and intellectual centers of Islam, it takes its name from the neighborhood in which it was erected, that of the Kairouan refugees. It is home to the headquarters of the Muslim University of Fez. The Karaouiyine mosque, built in several stages, was first founded in 859 by Fatima El Bint Mohammed Ben Abdellah el-Fihri, a pious woman from Kairouan. This sanctuary, transformed into a mosque in 933, originally consisted of a prayer hall, four naves parallel to the wall of the Qibla and a wide courtyard whose north wall sheltered the Minaret. It was enlarged under the Zenets in 956, some annexes (library, seclusion chambers (khatoua), ablution rooms) were annexed to the building during the reign of the Almohads, Merinides, Saâdiens and Alaouites. It has a capacity of 20,000 people.
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