A day-to-day religion
<< There is no god except Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger >>: this is an affirmation of the oneness of God, contained in Islam, supports every gesture of everyday life; All things are done in the name of Allah alone. But if God is unique the way of serving it is plural: popular Islam, Orthodox Islam, mystical Islam, pre-monotheistic rituals and magic are all part of Morocco. Practices linked to the prophylactic virtue of talismans or to the therapeutic effects of caves, for example, the worship of saints and Islam form, without excluding one another, the religious experience of the Moroccan people and do not alter In no way the authenticity of its faith in the revealed religion.
Many Moroccan motorists hang rosaries and Koranic verses in the interior rearview mirror of their car. The truck drivers inscribed on the bumpers of their truck religious verses, often adorned with the hand known as Fatima. One way to add to auto insurance that they basically contracted the protection of God. For drivers with this double cover, the temptation is great to feel exempt from the rules of the road. A tip: be extremely vigilant on the road.
The official Islam
As his father, Hassan II, had done before him, King Mohammed VI, on his accession to the throne on July 23, 1999, affirmed his role as commander of the believers: his first official release, Apparat, was reserved for Friday prayers; So his first speeches to the nation posed him as the religious leader of a state whose motto is "God, the country, the king." It is a constant in Morocco: the various dynasties have always been careful to preserve their religious prerogatives, both to guide and to govern, to monitor and to punish. In recent history, the Moroccan monarchy - unlike other states with a Muslim tradition (Algeria among others), which in the aftermath of independence took a certain distance from religion - used its spiritual power as Instrument of control of the religious and political fields. In particular, it has sought to maintain the habous (provision of Muslim law regulating the status of mortmain property), support original education, establish Islamic studies departments in universities, develop religious education in School curricula, organizing the bodies of the Ulemas (doctors of Islamic law), training imams and muezzins, controlling the construction of mosques and closing them between hours of prayer.
In Morocco, the king of Morocco enjoys international recognition as a charismatic figure: following his father's footsteps, Mohammed VI presides over the Al Quds Committee, which is charged with defending Muslim rights over the city Of Jerusalem.
In a country where religious culture is very important and where political power is in charge of the affairs of heaven, what is the place of Islamism and what face does it take?
The importance of religion in Morocco, as well as the control exercised by the State in this field, does not prevent the Islamist phenomenon from existing. Here, as elsewhere, it feeds on the misery of the left-behind of society, but also on the frustration of the pious middle classes, who are increasingly receptive to democratic values and to those of human rights. However, it has not yet the same form as in Algeria, for example, where it is justified to "re-Islamize" a society that would have lost its Muslim soul. Morocco did not live Colonization with the same violence as its neighbor and has preserved strong social and religious structures.