Do you want to spend your holidays in Es-Semara? There are a thousand ways to do it. Diverse cultural assets, development of tourist and sporting adventurous circuits such as eco-tourism and Saharan tourism distinguish the region from the classic circuits of the other surrounding regions. Its a desert nature that relies on the desert contrast, oasis and mountain Anti-Atlas which abounds with natural-sites: gorges, valleys and caves.
Es-Semara, Semara or Smara is a city located in the Moroccan Sahara. It has 60,000 inhabitants today, with an area of 61,760 square kilometers. The winters are hot during the day with 23-34 ° C and mild at night with 14-21 ° C. The summers are hot and very dry with maxima always exceeding 30 ° C and often 40 ° C, the temperature can sometimes reach 50 ° C.
Rich in historical monuments, the city has managed to preserve its historical heritage all the same, very coveted by the lovers of the desert but also and especially by archaeologists. It was founded in 1898 by Ma El Ainin on the territory which was then named "Spanish West Africa" which was subsequently dissolved after the creation of the Spanish Sahara on January 12, 1958 by bringing together the territories of Río de Oro and Seguia el-Hamra. In 1958, Smara was the scene of the Huracan airborne operation conducted jointly by the first Spanish parachutist squadron and the 7th French RPC (Operation Ecouvillon), aimed at dislodging the Moroccan Liberation Army from the south. In the same year, Spain ceded the Tarfaya band to Morocco.
The city was also affected by the Sahara war between Morocco and the Polisario Front when it attacked the town of Es-Semara, triggering the battle of Smara, ending with a victory in Morocco thanks to a force of 6,000 men .